You can download an excerpt of the Panama Paper’s Data here.

Wealth Inequality in Germany: “the lower 50% have accumulated 0% wealth”

“die unteren 50% besitzen zusammen genommen 0%”

NettoVermögen Deutschland nach DIW Berlin 2009 – die untere Hälfte der Bevölkerung ist quasi Vermögensfrei – besitzt also kein Vermögen


“The top 10% have 60% of the wealth of Germany” – will this mean they will start “some random war” in 2020, to keep it that way?

Globally: “The top 0.14% own 81% of the global wealth”


50% of the wealth is “off-shore” which means it pays no tax – it avoids tax.



World War 2 was “the way” for US to down unemployment rates… ain’t that “great”?

who wanted to be “great” again?

Wall Street And The Rise Of Hitler wall-street-and-the-rise-of-hitler-by-antony-sutton





New analysis of the Cayman offshore financial center – Anglo-America, Japan, and hedge funds play key roles. Paper:

The Facebook Example:

“Facebook UK’s accounts show specific issues, but point also to the real problem:

that major multinational companies appear to be able to pick and choose, unlike the rest of us, where and how much tax they will pay.

British Prime Minister Theresa May has said her government will fight back against tax avoidance – if she is serious, she will immediately implement the tax transparency measure that was passed in the new Finance Bill so that the public can see which companies are meeting their UK responsibilities.”


“We are an independent international network launched in 2003. We conduct high-level research, analysis and advocacy on international tax; on the international aspects of financial regulation; on the role of tax in society; and on the impacts of tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax ‘competition’ and tax havens. We seek to create understanding and debate, and to promote reform, especially in poorer countries. We are not aligned to any political party.


stiglitzFrom Joseph Stiglitz, writing in Vanity Fair:

“It will not be long before those nations that opt to continue with old-style secrecy will be labeled pariah states and be cut off from the global financial system.”

New and abusive games will continue to emerge to fill the vacuum left by old-style secrecy — including new forms of opacity — but he’s certainly onto something.

From The Guardian:

“More than $12tn has been siphoned out of Russia, China and other emerging economies into the secretive world of offshore finance, new research has revealed, as David Cameron prepares to host world leaders for an anti-corruption summit.
. . .
The analysis, carried out by Columbia University professor James S Henry for the Tax Justice Network, shows that by the end of 2014, $1.3tn of assets from Russia were sitting offshore.

David Cay Johnston, writing in The Daily Beast in the U.S., adds:

“The $12.1 trillion estimate—which amounts to two-thirds of America’s annual GDP being taken out of the economies of much poorer nations—is for flight wealth built up since 1970. Add to that flight wealth from the world’s rich regions, much of it due to tax evasion and criminal activities like drug dealing, and the global figure for hidden offshore wealth totals as much as $36 trillion.”



See also Henry writing in Foreign Affairs on this topic.

Cay Johnston goes into detail, and is worth reading. For the raw data behind the numbers, you’ll need to contact Henry directly: he expects to publish some further details soon. We’ll carry updates in the Reports section of our website.

The initial document is here. More data will be uploaded in due course.

Also see this Guardian story: Tax havens have no economic justification, say top economists. This is a letter co-ordinated by Oxfam, which is reproduced in full here. The list of 300 signatories is here.


UN report recommends: go after tax havens, and protect whistleblowers

Our most popular reports

March 2016 – More than $12 trillion stuffed offshore, from developing countries alone — James S. Henry

Nov 2015The Scale of BEPS: estimating the scale of global corporate tax cheating. See also our report Still Broken: Governments must do more to fix the international tax system.

Nov 2015 – Press release: TJN unveils the 2015 Financial Secrecy Index

Oct 2015 – Press release: OECD’s BEPS proposals will not be the end of tax avoidance by multinationals

Sept 2015 – The Greatest Invention: Tax and the Campaign for a Just Society. A book highlighting a decade’s worth of important tax justice articles.

Sept 2015Tax Haven Germany – New TJN Book.

April 2015 – The Offshore Game – new TJN report on offshore finance in football.
See The Offshore Game website, and the main report, here.

March 2015 – Ten Reasons to Defend the Corporation Tax.

The short summary document is here, and the full document is here

Dec 2014 – Developing countries and corporate tax – ten ways forward – Krishen Mehta

Sept 2013 – Corporate directors have no duty to avoid tax – TJN. Also see The Guardian.

July 2013 – Tax Justice Network briefing on the OECD’s “BEPS” project on corporate tax avoidance.

May 2013The Finance Curse: how oversized finance centres hurt the countries that host them.

Dec 2012Towards Unitary Taxation of Transnational Corporations – Prof. Sol Picciotto

2012Tax Us If You Can, second edition. A comprehensive introduction to tax justice. See also Tax us If You Can for Africa, 2011. For foreign language versions, see Tax Us If You Can in French (2005), in Spanish (2005), in Portuguese (2005), in German (2005) in Dutch (2005), and the Hebrew Edition..

July 2012 – The Price of Offshore, Revisited. Estimating some $21-32 trillion stashed offshore. See also our June 2014 response to a paper attacking Price of Offshore Revisited by two U.S. academics, funded by the tax haven of Jersey, here. See also our June 2014 supplementary notes and sources for the Price of Offshore Revisited, here.

Dec 2011 – Why the UK-Swiss tax deal is doomed to fail. (See also: July 2013 – deal fails.)

Nov 2011 – The Cost of Tax Abuse. Estimating that tax evasion worldwide adds up to over 50% of global healthcare costs.

Jan 2007 Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall, Who’s the Most Corrupt of All? Also see Catching Up with Corruption, 2008

All our reports and TJN briefing papers

October 2016Taking the Tax Justice debate forward: Unitary Taxation and G20 OECD Progress

June 2016 – Should Europe Trust Trusts? (Part 2 of 2)

May 2016 – New report exposes flaws in global and EU anti-money laundering rules and explains how they can be fixed (Part 1 of 2)

March 2016 – More than $12 trillion stuffed offshore, from developing countries alone — James S. Henry

March 2016 – Oxfam report: Ending the Era of Tax Havens (co-authored by TJN’s research director, Alex Cobham)

March 2016 – Top rate income tax cuts: 89 percent go to men, 11 percent to women

Jan 2016 – Europe must impose withholding taxes: to tackle US and other tax havens

Nov 2015 – New analysis: why Google is paying just 2% tax rate in the UK.

Nov 2015 – The UK’s Corruption Problem: Progress made and progress that needs to be made in the UK’s overseas territories. (Co-authored with Global Witness, Christian Aid, Transparency International.)

Nov 2015 – TJN-A report: Tax Treaties in Sub-Saharan Africa

Nov 2015The Scale of BEPS: estimating the scale of global corporate tax cheating. See also our report Still Broken: Governments must do more to fix the international tax system.

Nov 2015 – Press release: TJN unveils the 2015 Financial Secrecy Index

Oct 2015 – Press release: OECD’s BEPS proposals will not be the end of tax avoidance by multinationals

Sept 2015 – The Greatest Invention: Tax and the Campaign for a Just Society. A book highlighting a decade’s worth of important tax justice articles.

Sept 2015Holes in new OECD handbook for financial transparency. (On the OECD’s Common Reporting Standards.)

Sept 2015Tax Haven Germany – New TJN Book.

Aug 2015 – The West African Tax Giveaway: new report – TJN Africa and Actionaid

Jul 2015 – Did NGOs invent a pot of gold? (No.) – Alex Cobham

Jul 2015 – Guest blog: how Switzerland corrupted its courts to nail Rudolf Elmer (CFCs.)

May 2015 – BEPS Monitoring Group:

April 2015Report: parties rely on unsafe top tax estimates in UK election. – John Thompson

April 2015The Offshore Game – new TJN report on offshore finance in football.
See The Offshore Game website, and the main report, here.

March 2015Ten Reasons to Defend the Corporation Tax.

  • Short summary document is here
  • Full document here.
  • Press release and blog post here.

Jan 2015 –  Loophole USA:the vortex-shaped hole in global financial transparency

Nov 2014 – “The end of bank secrecy”? Bridging the gap to effective automatic information exchange: An Evaluation of OECD’s Common Reporting Standard (CRS) and its alternatives

Oct 2014 – The end of bank secrecy? : Bridging the gap to effective automatic information exchange.

Aug 2014 – Risk Mining the Public Exchequer: what tax avoidance is

July 2014 – Krishen Mehta: ten ways developing countries can take control of their tax destinies

July 2014 – The full picture of OECD’s AIE Standard is unveiled: Catering to tax havens at the expense of developing countries

June 2014 – Survey: developing countries DO want automatic information exchange, despite OECD reticence

June 2014 – TJN’s response to a paper by two U.S. academics, funded by the tax haven of Jersey and attacking Price of Offshorehere. See also our June 2014 supplementary notes and sources for the Price of Offshore Revisitedhere.

May 2014 – The UK’s shadow economy: £40 billion lost to Treasury

Feb 2014 – TJN responds to OECD plan for automatic information exchange

2014 – The OECD’s BEPS project and developing countries. In English and Spanish.

2013 –  Towards multilateral automatic information exchange: Current practice of AIE in selected countries

July 2012Inequality: you don’t know the half of it (or why hidden offshore wealth means inequality is worse than we thought)

July 2012 – The Price of Offshore, Revisited. Estimating some $21-32 trillion stashed offshore. See also our June 2014 response to a paper attacking Price of Offshore Revisited by two U.S. academics, funded by the tax haven of Jersey, here. See also our June 2014 supplementary notes and sources for the Price of Offshore Revisited, here.

2012 – Where to draw the line? Identifying secrecy jurisdictions for applied research

2012 – Bank account registries in selected countries: lessons for registries of trusts and foundations and for improving automatic information exchange (with CCFD-Terre Solidaire) 

2012Key data report: Financial Secrecy, Banks and the Big 4 Firms of Accountants

2012 – The Council of Europe/OECD Convention on Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

2012 – Towards Unitary Taxation of Transnational Corporations

2012 – The Creeping Futility of the Global Forum’s Peer Reviews

2011 – The UK-Swiss deal: doomed to fail

2011Briefing paper on EU Savings Tax Directive and Automatic Informatino Exchange

2011 – The Cost of Tax Abuse.

2010Policy paper on automatic tax information exchange between Northern and Southern Countries

2010 – the U.S. Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA)

2009 – Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs)

2009 – Trusts and their Uses. No paper yet, but blog here.

2008 – The EU Savings Tax Directive. See also this 2014 FAQ.

2008 – Country by Country Reporting.      Also see our main site here.

2006 – Tax Competition.      Also see our main site here.

2005 – Source and Residence Taxation.

Tax Justice Research Bulletin

Past editions of the Tax Justice Research Bulletin are here. (If it’s not there, you can also search a different way, here)

Our newsletter, Tax Justice Focus

Click here for Tax Justice Focus

Die 5 “Wirtschaftsweisen” – was machen die so?

was beraten die so? Haben die gepennt die letzten Jahrzehnte? Oder sind die einfach nicht “soooo weise” sondern eher “verweist” und: Wer ist Bernard Lietaer? Und: Haben Sie ihn “KOMPLETT” ignoriert? Oder evtl. sind auch “nur” die Politiker welche Sie beraten beratungs-resistent? (gibt es viele mit der Krankheit)?

Hier kann man den aktullen Bericht lesen: “Zukunftsfähigkeit in den Mittelpunkt”

Derzeitige Mitglieder (2016)

Der Autor, Thilo Sarrazin

“dass das Wirtschaftswachstum um das Jahr 2020 ausläuft, weil sich der Zuwachs der Produktivität und die Abnahme der Zahl der Erwerbstätigen zu diesem Zeitpunkt kompensieren”

“Als Resultat dieser Entwicklungen könne Deutschland „Verteilungs- und Finanzprobleme zukünftig nicht mehr durch Zuwachs lösen, sondern nur noch durch Umverteilung.“ (S. 37)”

“the economy stops growing around the year 2020 because of the growth in productivity and the decrease in the number of working persons compensated each other”

“As a result of these developments, Germany can “distribution- and financial problems from then on not solve by growth, but only through redistribution.” (P. 37)”



Related Links:

Will the managers, the CEOs, the Banksters, the Bushs, the Rockefellers, the Junkers, the Clintons, the Merkels, the Scheubles, the JPMorgans, the Barclays, the Deutsche Bank, the Wall-Street listen? Or will they shut their ears – and do “business as usual” knowingly they can not continue forever. “Ignorance is DEATH not bliss.”



From this Video:

Interview with Bernard Lietaer – Economist, author and professor

Published on Jul 2, 2013

This interview is part of an article published in the online magazine Talkin’Business of the School of Business and Economics at Maastricht University.
Read more:

Multiple moneys and development: making payments in diverse economies

2nd International Conference on Complementary Currency Systems (CCS), International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of the Erasmus University, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Title: Interview with Bernard Lietaer – Economist, author and professor
Recording date: 20th June 2013

The 2nd International Conference on Complementary Currency Systems is held from the 19th to the 23rd of June 2013 in The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference is hosted by ISS. It offers space to academics, local government officials and practitioners alike to organize panels, workshops, and other session formats that participants see fit to stimulate the exchange of ideas and experiences.

Community and complementary currency systems include initiatives like the LETS, time banks, the Argentine Redes de Trueque, the Ithaca Hours in the USA, the German Regiogeld, the Brasilian community banks with surrogate currencies, the SOL currency in France, the ‘Transition Towns’ in the UK, the RES in Belgium and the Wir in Switzerland, mobile-phone payment systems in Uganda and Kenya, and for digital remittances in El Salvador.



Other Interviews taken by

Henk van Arkel

IJCCR (International Journal of Community Currency Research) Contents, 1998 to 2015

Vol. Year Articles Authors Pages
    Volume 19 (Summer)    
19 2015 Introduction: Money and Development Georgina Gómez 1-5
19 2015 Territorial development and Community currencies: symbolic meanings in Brazilian Community development banks Marie Fare, Carlos de Freitas and Camille Meyer 6-17
19 2015 Complementary Currencies for Sustainable Development in Kenya: The Case of the Bangla-Pesa William O. Ruddick, Morgan A. Richards, and Jem Bendell 18-30
19 2015 Virtual social currencies for unemployed people: social networks and job market access Maëlle Della Peruta and Dominique Torre 31-41
19 2015 Price Setting Mechanisms in Complementary Currencies in Argentina’s Redes de Trueque Georgina M. Gómez 42-52
19 2015 What kinds of volunteer become more motivated by community currency? Influence of perceptions of reward on motivation Ken-ichi Kurita, Masayuki Yoshida and Yoshihisa Miyazaki 53-61
19 2015 Building trust: exploring the role of community exchange and reputation Robin Krabbe 62-71
19 2015 Community Currency in Korea: How do we envision community currency? Joonmo Kang and Baeg Eui Hong 72-80
19 2015 Beyond growth: problematic relationships between the financial crisis, care and public economies, and alternative currencies Maurizio Ruzzene 81-93
19 2015 French complementary currency systems: exploring contributions to promote social currency in Argentina Ricardo Orzi 94-105
19 2015 The Financing of Complementary Currencies: Problems and Perspectives Rolf. F. H. Schroeder 106-113
19 2015 On Velocity in Several Complementary Currencies Josep Lluis de la Rosa and James Stodder 114-127
19 2015 Prices in Parallel Currency: the case of the Exchange Network of Chania, Crete Irene Sotiropoulou 128-136
19 2015 Cooperation and Intertrade between Community Currencies: From fundamentals to rule-making and clearing systems, including a case study of the Zurich Area, Switzerland Jens Martignoni 137-151
19 2015 Validating and improving the Impact of Complementary Currency Systems through impact assessment frameworks Christophe Place and Leander Bindewald 152-164
19 2015 It’s the motivation, stupid! The influence of motivation of secondary currency initiators on the currencies’ success Lukas Fesenfeld, Jan Stuckatz, Iona Summerson, Thomas Kiesgen, Daniela Ruß, Maja Klimaschewski 165-172
19   Volume 19 (Winter)    
19 2015 The Community Currency Scene in Spain Hughes, Neil 1-11
19 2015 How Green is Our Money? Mapping the Relationship between Monetary Systems and the Environment Brooks, Skylar 12-18
19 2015 2015 Book reviews
Vol. Year Articles Authors Pages
Volume 18
18 2014 A Counter-Hegemonic Discourse of Economic Difference: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Timebanking in the United States Rice, Julie Steinkopf 1-10
18 2014 First Micro-Simulation Model of a LEDDA Community Currency-Dollar Economy Boik, John 11-29
18 2014 2014 Book reviews
Volume 17
17 2013 Improving Complementary Currency Interchange By A Regional Hub-Solution Huber, L. and Martignoni, J. 1-7
17 2013 Bitcoin: The Political ‘Virtual’ Of An Intangible Material Currency Jansen, M. 8-18
17 2013 Taking Moneyless Exchange to Scale: Measuring and Maintaining the Health of a Credit Clearing System Greco, T. 19-25
17 2013 Is A Global Virtual Currency With 
Universal Acceptance Feasible? Jegatheesan, S., Ahmed, S., Chamney, A. and El-Kadri, N. 26-44
17 2013 Complementary currency and its impact on the economy Groppa, Octavio 45-57
17 2013 2013 Book reviews
Volume 16
16 2012 A New Approach to a Typology of Complementary Currencies Martignoni, J. 1-17
16 2012 Key Indicators of Time Bank Participation: Using Transaction Data for Evaluation Collom, E. 18-29
16 2012 Japan’s Fureai Kippu Time-banking in 
Elderly Care: Origins, Development, 
Challenges and Impact Hayashi, M. 30-44
16 2012 Are Alternative Currencies A Substitute Or A Complement To Fiat Money? Evidence From Cross-Country Data Pfajfar, D., Sgro, G. and Wagner, W. 45-56
16 2012 2012 Book reviews
16D 2012 Editorial 2012 (Volume 16 Special Issue): Thirty Years of Community and Complementary Currencies  J. Blanc 1-4
16D 2012 Democratizing Money: Historical Role of the U.S. Federal Government in Currency Creation Wainwright, S. 5-13
16D 2012 Selling Scrip to America: Ideology, Self-help and the experiments of the Great Depression Elvins, S. 14-21
16D 2012 Tax Anticipation Scrip as a Form of Local Currency in the USA during the 1930s Gatch, L. 22-35
16D 2012 Community Currencies as Integrative Communication Media for Evolutionist Institutional Design Nishibe, M. 36-48
16D 2012 A comparison in transaction efficiency between dispersive and concentrated money creation Kichiji, N. and Nishibe, M. 49-57
16D 2012 Does Demurrage matter for Complementary Currencies? Godschalk, H. 58-69
16D 2012 Economic Activity Without Official Currency in Greece: The * Hypothesis Sotiropoulou, I. 70-79
16D 2012 Sustainability of the Argentine Complementary Currency Systems Gómez, G. 80-90
16D 2012 Moral Money: A Case Study at the Chiemgauer Regional money Thiel, C. 91-96
16D 2012 Solidarity economy between a focus on the local and a global view Volkmann, K. 97-105
16D 2012 Stroud Pound: A Local Currency to Map, Measure and Strengthen the Local Economy Scott Cato, M. and Suárez, M. 106-115
16D 2012 Local Exchange Trading Systems in Central European post-Communist Countries Jelínek, P., Szalay, Zs. and Konečný, A. 116-123
16D 2012 An Empirical Study of the Social Effects of Community Currencies Nakazato, H. and Hiramoto, T. 124-135
16D 2012 CC Coupon Circulation and Shopkeepers’ Behaviour: A Case Study of the City of Musashino, Tokyo, Japan Kurita, K., Miyazaki, Y. and Nishibe, M. 136-145
16D 2012 A two-marketplace and two-currency system: A view on business-to-business barter exchange Young, M. 146-155
16D 2012 Emerging trend of complementary currencies systems as policy instruments for environmental purposes: changes ahead? Joachain, H. and Klopfert, F. 156-168
16D 2012 Trophic currencies: ecosystem modeling and resilient economies Brakken, M., Austin, P., Rearick, S. and Bindewald, L. 169-175
Volume 15
15A 2011 Eco-Pesa: An Evaluation of a Complementary Currency Programme in Kenya’s Informal Settlements Ruddick, W.O. 1-12
15A 2011 Time is of the Essence: The Challenges and Achievements of a Swedish Time Banking Initiative Molnar, S. 13-22
15A 2011 A Theoretical Framework for Shared Monetary Governance Jones, S.D. 23-30
15A 2011 Community Currency Research: An analysis of the literature Schroeder, R.F.H., Miyazaki, Y., Fare, M. 31-41
15A 2011 Status: The Burlington Currency Project: A History Kirschner, A. 42-55
15A 2011 Money and Participatory Governance: A review of the literature Jones, S.D. 56-68
15A 2011 Downtown Dollars: Community currency or discount coupon? Kaplan, N. 69-77
15A 2011 Communal Currencies In Venezuela Dittmer, K. 78-83
15A 2011 Calgary Dollars: Economic and Social Capital Benefits Wheatley, G., Younie, C., Alaijlan, H. and McFarlane, E. 84-89
15A 2011 2011 Book Reviews
15D Editorial 2011 (Volume 15 Special Issue): The State of the Art Longhurst, N. and Seyfang, G. 1
15D 2011 Preface 2011 (Volume 15 Special Issue): Yet Another Moment of Truth Boyle, D. 1-3
15D 2011 Classifying ‘CCs’: Community, Complementary and Local Currencies Blanc, J. 4-10
15D 2011 On The Money: Getting the message out Rogers, J. 11-16
15D 2011 Complementary Currencies in Germany: The Regiogeld System Thiel, C. 17-21
15D 2011 What Have Complementary Currencies in Japan Really Achieved? Hirota, Y. 22-26
15D 2011 Alternative Exchange Systems in Contemporary Greece Sotiropoulou, I. 27-31
15D 2011 Complementary Currencies for Sustainable Local Economies in Central America Brenes, E. 32-38
15D 2011 Community Currency Progress in Latin America (Banco Palmas) Place, C. 39-46
15D 2011 L’Accorderie and Le Jardin Universel (JEU) in Quebec Lizotte, M. and Duhaime, G. 47-51
15D 2011 Kékfrank to Boost the Resilience of Locality Szalay, Z.E. 52-56
15D 2011 The SOL: A Complementary Currency for the Social Economy and Sustainable Development Fare, M. 57-60
15D 2011 Building Local Resilience: The emergence of the UK Transition Currencies Ryan-Collins, J. 61-67
15D 2011 A Report from Vermont (USA): The VBSR Marketplace Kirschner, A. 68-72
15D 2011 Time-Banking in Social Housing Naughton – Doe, R. 73-76
15D 2011 The Colours of Money: Artmoney as Community Currency Banks, M. 77-81
15D 2011 Complementary Currency Open Source Software in 2010 Slater, M. 82-87
Volume 14
14A 2010 Editorial 2010 (volume 14) Longhurst, N. 0
14A 2010 Learning To Exchange Time: Benefits and Obstacles To Time Banking Ozanne, L. 1-16
14A 2010 The Case for Monetary Diversity Mouatt, S. 17-28
14A 2010 Stamp Scrip in the Great Depression: Lessons for Community Currency for Today? Warner, J. 29-45
14B 2010 Research Briefing: Grassroots Innovations and Complementary Currencies Seyfang, G. and Longhurst, N. 1-2
Volume 13
13 2009 13 (2009), editorial Williams, C.C. 1-2
13 2009 Time for Each Other: Working Towards a Complementary Currency Model to Serve the Anti-Poverty Policies of the Municipality of Landgraaf, the Netherlands van Kuik, M. 3-18
13 2009 Change Takes Time: Exploring Structural and Developmental Issues of Time Banking Gregory, L. 19-32
13 2009 Stiansen Endre and Guyer Jane I. (1999) Credit, Currencies and Culture: African Financial Institutions in Historical Perspective Ngoumou, T. 33-35
13 2009 The Impact of Community Currency Systems on Gender Relations in Rural Northeast Thailand: A Hybrid Social Audit-Gender Analysis Approach Walker, D. 36-60
13 2009 Chiemgauer Regiomoney: Theory and Practice of a Local Currency Gelleri, C. 61-75
13 2009 Social Economy and Central Banks: Legal and Regulatory Issues on Social Currencies (Social Money) as a Public Policy Instrument Consistent with Monetary Policy Freire, M.V. 76-94
13 2009 Josh Ryan-Collins, Lucie Stephens and Anna Coote (2008) The New Wealth Of Time: How Time Banking Helps People Build Public Services Devitt, K. 95-97
13 2009 David Akin and Joel Robbins (eds) (1999) Money and Modernity: State and Local Currencies in Melanesia de Meulenaere, S. 95-98
13 2009 Gill Seyfang (2009) The New Economics of Sustainable Consumption: Seeds of Change Graugaard, J. 99-101
Volume 12
12 2008 Editorial 2008 (volume 12) Seyfang, G. 1
12 2008 2007 Yearly Report of the Worldwide Database of Complementary Currency Systems de Meulenaere, S. 2-19
12 2008 Peter North (2006) Alternative Currency Movements as a Challenge to Globalisation? A Case Study of Manchester’s Local Currency Networks. Boulianne, M. 20-23
12 2008 Community Currency: An Approach To Economic Sustainability In Our Local Bioregion Soder, N. T. 24-52
12 2008 An Economic Analysis Of Contemporary Local Currencies In The United States Krohn, G.A. and Snyder, A.M. 53-68
12 2008 Helmut Creutz (2008) Le Syndrome De La Monnaie. Vers Une Economie De Marche Sans Crise. Blanc, J. 69-73
Volume 11
11 2007 Editorial 2007 (volume 11) Williams, C.C. 0
11 2007 Local Currency Loans and Grants: Comparative Case Studies of Ithaca HOURS and Calgary Dollars Mascornick, J. 1-22
11 2007 2006 Yearly Report of the Worldwide Database of Complementary Currency Systems de Meulenaere, S. 23-35
11 2007 The Motivations, Engagement, Satisfaction, Outcomes, and Demographics of Time Bank Participants: Survey Findings from a U.S. System Collum, E. 36-83
11 2007 Towards A Knowledge Economy Carrillo, C.I., de la Rosa, J.L. and Canals, A. 84-97
11 2007 Exploring Gender Divisions In A Community Currency System: The Case Of The Barter Network In Argentina Pereyra, F. 98-111
Volume 10
10 2006 Editorial 2006 (volume 10) Williams, C.C. 0
10 2006 Complementary Currency Innovation: Self-guarantee in peer-to-peer currencies Ardon, M. and Lietaer, B. 1-7
10 2006 2005 Yearly Report of the Worldwide Database of Complementary Currency Systems de Meulenaere, S. 8-17
10 2006 A Proposal for a Brazilian Education Complementary Currency Lietaer, B. 18-23
10 2006 Community Exchange and Trading Systems in Germany Schroeder, R.F.H. 24-42
10 2006 Argentina in the Red: What can the UK’s Regional Economies Learn from the Argentinian Banking Crisis? Cato, M.S. 43-55
10 2006 Establishing Time Based Community Currencies: Means of Measure, Exchange and Storage Serra, S. H. 56-67
Volume 9
9 2005 Has the Time for Electronic Currency Come? Imagining an E-Currency Future for Money Sharma, A.
9 2005 Helping Everyone Have PLENTY: Addressing Distribution and Circulation in an HOURS-based Local Currency System Lepofsky, J. and Bates, L.K.
9 2005 Editorial 2005 (volume 9) Williams, C.C. 0
Volume 8
8 2004 Editorial 2004 (volume 8) Williams, C.C. 0
8 2004 The Social and Cultural Capital of Community Currency, An Ithaca HOURS Case Study Survey Jacob, J., Brinkerhoff, M., Jovic, E. and Wheatley, G.
8 2004 HOUR Town – Paul Glover and the Genesis and Evolution of Ithaca HOURS Jacob, J., Brinkerhoff, M., Jovic, E. and Wheatley, G.
8 2004 Kaláka and Kör: Green money and mutual aid in Hungary North, P.
8 2004 Complementary Currencies in Japan Today: History, Originality and Relevance Lietaer, B.
Volume 7
7 2003 Editorial 2003 (volume 7) Williams, C.C. 0
7 2003 A Currency for Change? one activist’s personal view of LETS Taylor, G.
Volume 6
6 2002 Editorial 2002 (volume 6) Williams, C.C. 0
6 2002 Tackling social exclusion with community currencies: learning from LETS to Time Banks Seyfang G.
6 2002 Talente Tauschring Hannover (TTH): Experiences of a German LETS and the relevance of theoretical reflections Schroeder, R.F.
6 2002 Development at the Conjuncture of Feminism and Associationalism Powell, J.


Volume 5
5 2001 Editorial 2001 (volume 5) Williams, C.C. 0
5 2001 Mutual Credit Systems and the Commons Problem: Why Community Currency Systems such as LETS Need Not Collapse Under Opportunistic Behaviour Schraven, J.
5 2001 The Role of the Third Sector in Paving a ‘Third Way’: Some Lessons From Local Exchange and Trading Schemes (LETS) in the United Kingdom Williams, C.C., Aldridge, T., Lee, R., Leyshon, A., Thrift, N. and Tooke, J.
5 2001 On LETS and Time Dollars Cahn, E.
5 2001 Commodity Currencies for Fair and Stable International Exchange Rates Plinge, J.W.
Volume 4
4 2000 Editorial 2000 (volume 4) Willams, C.C.
4 2000 LETS and Benefit Claiming in the UK: Results of a Pilot Project Fitzpatrick, T.
4 2000 Towards an Economy in the Hands of the People: The Tianguis Tlaloc Local Currency System in Mexico Lopezllera-Mendez, L. and de Meulenaere, S.
4 2000 Reinventing the Market: Alternative Currencies and Community Development in Argentina de Meulenaere, S.
4 2000 Community-based LETSystems in Australia: Localised Barter in a Sophisticated Western Economy Liesch, P.W. and Birch, D.
4 2000 Why Do People Join Local Exchange Trading Systems? Caldwell, C.
Volume 3
3 1999 Editorial 1999 (volume 3) Irwin, G. 0
3 1999 Nouvelles formes de sociabilités ou les limites d’une utopie politique Laacher, S.
3 1999 Cercles d’échanges, cercles vertueux de la solidarité Le cas de l’Allemagne Pierret, D.
Volume 2
2 1998 Editorial 1998 (volume 2) Jackson, M. 0
2 1998 Evaluating LETS as a Means of Tackling Social Exclusion and Cohesion Willams, C.C., Aldridge, T., Lee, R., Leyshon, A., Thrift, N. and Tooke, J.
2 1998 Green Domination In Norwegian LETSystems: Catalyst For Growth Or Constraint On Development? Gran, E.
2 1998 Local Exchange and Trading Systems (LETS) in Australia: a new tool for community development? Ingleby, J.
2 1998 Corporate Barter and Economic Stabilisation Stodder, J. 1-11
Volume 1
1 1997 Editorial 1997 (volume 1) Williams, C.C. 0
1 1997 Local Exchange and Trading Systems (LETS) in Australia: a new tool for community development? Williams, C.C. 1-11
1 1997 The problem of over-accumulation: examining and theorising the structural form of LETS Jackson, M. 1-9
1 1997 Examining Local Currency Systems: a social audit approach Seyfang, G. 1-29