Will the managers, the CEOs, the Banksters, the Bushs, the Rockefellers, the Junkers, the Clintons, the Merkels, the Scheubles, the JPMorgans, the Barclays, the Deutsche Bank, the Wall-Street listen? Or will they shut their ears – and do “business as usual” knowingly they can not continue forever. “Ignorance is DEATH not bliss.”



From this Video:

Interview with Bernard Lietaer – Economist, author and professor

Published on Jul 2, 2013

This interview is part of an article published in the online magazine Talkin’Business of the School of Business and Economics at Maastricht University.
Read more:

Multiple moneys and development: making payments in diverse economies

2nd International Conference on Complementary Currency Systems (CCS), International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of the Erasmus University, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Title: Interview with Bernard Lietaer – Economist, author and professor
Recording date: 20th June 2013

The 2nd International Conference on Complementary Currency Systems is held from the 19th to the 23rd of June 2013 in The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference is hosted by ISS. It offers space to academics, local government officials and practitioners alike to organize panels, workshops, and other session formats that participants see fit to stimulate the exchange of ideas and experiences.

Community and complementary currency systems include initiatives like the LETS, time banks, the Argentine Redes de Trueque, the Ithaca Hours in the USA, the German Regiogeld, the Brasilian community banks with surrogate currencies, the SOL currency in France, the ‘Transition Towns’ in the UK, the RES in Belgium and the Wir in Switzerland, mobile-phone payment systems in Uganda and Kenya, and for digital remittances in El Salvador.



Other Interviews taken by

Henk van Arkel

IJCCR (International Journal of Community Currency Research) Contents, 1998 to 2015

Vol. Year Articles Authors Pages
    Volume 19 (Summer)    
19 2015 Introduction: Money and Development Georgina Gómez 1-5
19 2015 Territorial development and Community currencies: symbolic meanings in Brazilian Community development banks Marie Fare, Carlos de Freitas and Camille Meyer 6-17
19 2015 Complementary Currencies for Sustainable Development in Kenya: The Case of the Bangla-Pesa William O. Ruddick, Morgan A. Richards, and Jem Bendell 18-30
19 2015 Virtual social currencies for unemployed people: social networks and job market access Maëlle Della Peruta and Dominique Torre 31-41
19 2015 Price Setting Mechanisms in Complementary Currencies in Argentina’s Redes de Trueque Georgina M. Gómez 42-52
19 2015 What kinds of volunteer become more motivated by community currency? Influence of perceptions of reward on motivation Ken-ichi Kurita, Masayuki Yoshida and Yoshihisa Miyazaki 53-61
19 2015 Building trust: exploring the role of community exchange and reputation Robin Krabbe 62-71
19 2015 Community Currency in Korea: How do we envision community currency? Joonmo Kang and Baeg Eui Hong 72-80
19 2015 Beyond growth: problematic relationships between the financial crisis, care and public economies, and alternative currencies Maurizio Ruzzene 81-93
19 2015 French complementary currency systems: exploring contributions to promote social currency in Argentina Ricardo Orzi 94-105
19 2015 The Financing of Complementary Currencies: Problems and Perspectives Rolf. F. H. Schroeder 106-113
19 2015 On Velocity in Several Complementary Currencies Josep Lluis de la Rosa and James Stodder 114-127
19 2015 Prices in Parallel Currency: the case of the Exchange Network of Chania, Crete Irene Sotiropoulou 128-136
19 2015 Cooperation and Intertrade between Community Currencies: From fundamentals to rule-making and clearing systems, including a case study of the Zurich Area, Switzerland Jens Martignoni 137-151
19 2015 Validating and improving the Impact of Complementary Currency Systems through impact assessment frameworks Christophe Place and Leander Bindewald 152-164
19 2015 It’s the motivation, stupid! The influence of motivation of secondary currency initiators on the currencies’ success Lukas Fesenfeld, Jan Stuckatz, Iona Summerson, Thomas Kiesgen, Daniela Ruß, Maja Klimaschewski 165-172
19   Volume 19 (Winter)    
19 2015 The Community Currency Scene in Spain Hughes, Neil 1-11
19 2015 How Green is Our Money? Mapping the Relationship between Monetary Systems and the Environment Brooks, Skylar 12-18
19 2015 2015 Book reviews
Vol. Year Articles Authors Pages
Volume 18
18 2014 A Counter-Hegemonic Discourse of Economic Difference: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Timebanking in the United States Rice, Julie Steinkopf 1-10
18 2014 First Micro-Simulation Model of a LEDDA Community Currency-Dollar Economy Boik, John 11-29
18 2014 2014 Book reviews
Volume 17
17 2013 Improving Complementary Currency Interchange By A Regional Hub-Solution Huber, L. and Martignoni, J. 1-7
17 2013 Bitcoin: The Political ‘Virtual’ Of An Intangible Material Currency Jansen, M. 8-18
17 2013 Taking Moneyless Exchange to Scale: Measuring and Maintaining the Health of a Credit Clearing System Greco, T. 19-25
17 2013 Is A Global Virtual Currency With 
Universal Acceptance Feasible? Jegatheesan, S., Ahmed, S., Chamney, A. and El-Kadri, N. 26-44
17 2013 Complementary currency and its impact on the economy Groppa, Octavio 45-57
17 2013 2013 Book reviews
Volume 16
16 2012 A New Approach to a Typology of Complementary Currencies Martignoni, J. 1-17
16 2012 Key Indicators of Time Bank Participation: Using Transaction Data for Evaluation Collom, E. 18-29
16 2012 Japan’s Fureai Kippu Time-banking in 
Elderly Care: Origins, Development, 
Challenges and Impact Hayashi, M. 30-44
16 2012 Are Alternative Currencies A Substitute Or A Complement To Fiat Money? Evidence From Cross-Country Data Pfajfar, D., Sgro, G. and Wagner, W. 45-56
16 2012 2012 Book reviews
16D 2012 Editorial 2012 (Volume 16 Special Issue): Thirty Years of Community and Complementary Currencies  J. Blanc 1-4
16D 2012 Democratizing Money: Historical Role of the U.S. Federal Government in Currency Creation Wainwright, S. 5-13
16D 2012 Selling Scrip to America: Ideology, Self-help and the experiments of the Great Depression Elvins, S. 14-21
16D 2012 Tax Anticipation Scrip as a Form of Local Currency in the USA during the 1930s Gatch, L. 22-35
16D 2012 Community Currencies as Integrative Communication Media for Evolutionist Institutional Design Nishibe, M. 36-48
16D 2012 A comparison in transaction efficiency between dispersive and concentrated money creation Kichiji, N. and Nishibe, M. 49-57
16D 2012 Does Demurrage matter for Complementary Currencies? Godschalk, H. 58-69
16D 2012 Economic Activity Without Official Currency in Greece: The * Hypothesis Sotiropoulou, I. 70-79
16D 2012 Sustainability of the Argentine Complementary Currency Systems Gómez, G. 80-90
16D 2012 Moral Money: A Case Study at the Chiemgauer Regional money Thiel, C. 91-96
16D 2012 Solidarity economy between a focus on the local and a global view Volkmann, K. 97-105
16D 2012 Stroud Pound: A Local Currency to Map, Measure and Strengthen the Local Economy Scott Cato, M. and Suárez, M. 106-115
16D 2012 Local Exchange Trading Systems in Central European post-Communist Countries Jelínek, P., Szalay, Zs. and Konečný, A. 116-123
16D 2012 An Empirical Study of the Social Effects of Community Currencies Nakazato, H. and Hiramoto, T. 124-135
16D 2012 CC Coupon Circulation and Shopkeepers’ Behaviour: A Case Study of the City of Musashino, Tokyo, Japan Kurita, K., Miyazaki, Y. and Nishibe, M. 136-145
16D 2012 A two-marketplace and two-currency system: A view on business-to-business barter exchange Young, M. 146-155
16D 2012 Emerging trend of complementary currencies systems as policy instruments for environmental purposes: changes ahead? Joachain, H. and Klopfert, F. 156-168
16D 2012 Trophic currencies: ecosystem modeling and resilient economies Brakken, M., Austin, P., Rearick, S. and Bindewald, L. 169-175
Volume 15
15A 2011 Eco-Pesa: An Evaluation of a Complementary Currency Programme in Kenya’s Informal Settlements Ruddick, W.O. 1-12
15A 2011 Time is of the Essence: The Challenges and Achievements of a Swedish Time Banking Initiative Molnar, S. 13-22
15A 2011 A Theoretical Framework for Shared Monetary Governance Jones, S.D. 23-30
15A 2011 Community Currency Research: An analysis of the literature Schroeder, R.F.H., Miyazaki, Y., Fare, M. 31-41
15A 2011 Status: The Burlington Currency Project: A History Kirschner, A. 42-55
15A 2011 Money and Participatory Governance: A review of the literature Jones, S.D. 56-68
15A 2011 Downtown Dollars: Community currency or discount coupon? Kaplan, N. 69-77
15A 2011 Communal Currencies In Venezuela Dittmer, K. 78-83
15A 2011 Calgary Dollars: Economic and Social Capital Benefits Wheatley, G., Younie, C., Alaijlan, H. and McFarlane, E. 84-89
15A 2011 2011 Book Reviews
15D Editorial 2011 (Volume 15 Special Issue): The State of the Art Longhurst, N. and Seyfang, G. 1
15D 2011 Preface 2011 (Volume 15 Special Issue): Yet Another Moment of Truth Boyle, D. 1-3
15D 2011 Classifying ‘CCs’: Community, Complementary and Local Currencies Blanc, J. 4-10
15D 2011 On The Money: Getting the message out Rogers, J. 11-16
15D 2011 Complementary Currencies in Germany: The Regiogeld System Thiel, C. 17-21
15D 2011 What Have Complementary Currencies in Japan Really Achieved? Hirota, Y. 22-26
15D 2011 Alternative Exchange Systems in Contemporary Greece Sotiropoulou, I. 27-31
15D 2011 Complementary Currencies for Sustainable Local Economies in Central America Brenes, E. 32-38
15D 2011 Community Currency Progress in Latin America (Banco Palmas) Place, C. 39-46
15D 2011 L’Accorderie and Le Jardin Universel (JEU) in Quebec Lizotte, M. and Duhaime, G. 47-51
15D 2011 Kékfrank to Boost the Resilience of Locality Szalay, Z.E. 52-56
15D 2011 The SOL: A Complementary Currency for the Social Economy and Sustainable Development Fare, M. 57-60
15D 2011 Building Local Resilience: The emergence of the UK Transition Currencies Ryan-Collins, J. 61-67
15D 2011 A Report from Vermont (USA): The VBSR Marketplace Kirschner, A. 68-72
15D 2011 Time-Banking in Social Housing Naughton – Doe, R. 73-76
15D 2011 The Colours of Money: Artmoney as Community Currency Banks, M. 77-81
15D 2011 Complementary Currency Open Source Software in 2010 Slater, M. 82-87
Volume 14
14A 2010 Editorial 2010 (volume 14) Longhurst, N. 0
14A 2010 Learning To Exchange Time: Benefits and Obstacles To Time Banking Ozanne, L. 1-16
14A 2010 The Case for Monetary Diversity Mouatt, S. 17-28
14A 2010 Stamp Scrip in the Great Depression: Lessons for Community Currency for Today? Warner, J. 29-45
14B 2010 Research Briefing: Grassroots Innovations and Complementary Currencies Seyfang, G. and Longhurst, N. 1-2
Volume 13
13 2009 13 (2009), editorial Williams, C.C. 1-2
13 2009 Time for Each Other: Working Towards a Complementary Currency Model to Serve the Anti-Poverty Policies of the Municipality of Landgraaf, the Netherlands van Kuik, M. 3-18
13 2009 Change Takes Time: Exploring Structural and Developmental Issues of Time Banking Gregory, L. 19-32
13 2009 Stiansen Endre and Guyer Jane I. (1999) Credit, Currencies and Culture: African Financial Institutions in Historical Perspective Ngoumou, T. 33-35
13 2009 The Impact of Community Currency Systems on Gender Relations in Rural Northeast Thailand: A Hybrid Social Audit-Gender Analysis Approach Walker, D. 36-60
13 2009 Chiemgauer Regiomoney: Theory and Practice of a Local Currency Gelleri, C. 61-75
13 2009 Social Economy and Central Banks: Legal and Regulatory Issues on Social Currencies (Social Money) as a Public Policy Instrument Consistent with Monetary Policy Freire, M.V. 76-94
13 2009 Josh Ryan-Collins, Lucie Stephens and Anna Coote (2008) The New Wealth Of Time: How Time Banking Helps People Build Public Services Devitt, K. 95-97
13 2009 David Akin and Joel Robbins (eds) (1999) Money and Modernity: State and Local Currencies in Melanesia de Meulenaere, S. 95-98
13 2009 Gill Seyfang (2009) The New Economics of Sustainable Consumption: Seeds of Change Graugaard, J. 99-101
Volume 12
12 2008 Editorial 2008 (volume 12) Seyfang, G. 1
12 2008 2007 Yearly Report of the Worldwide Database of Complementary Currency Systems de Meulenaere, S. 2-19
12 2008 Peter North (2006) Alternative Currency Movements as a Challenge to Globalisation? A Case Study of Manchester’s Local Currency Networks. Boulianne, M. 20-23
12 2008 Community Currency: An Approach To Economic Sustainability In Our Local Bioregion Soder, N. T. 24-52
12 2008 An Economic Analysis Of Contemporary Local Currencies In The United States Krohn, G.A. and Snyder, A.M. 53-68
12 2008 Helmut Creutz (2008) Le Syndrome De La Monnaie. Vers Une Economie De Marche Sans Crise. Blanc, J. 69-73
Volume 11
11 2007 Editorial 2007 (volume 11) Williams, C.C. 0
11 2007 Local Currency Loans and Grants: Comparative Case Studies of Ithaca HOURS and Calgary Dollars Mascornick, J. 1-22
11 2007 2006 Yearly Report of the Worldwide Database of Complementary Currency Systems de Meulenaere, S. 23-35
11 2007 The Motivations, Engagement, Satisfaction, Outcomes, and Demographics of Time Bank Participants: Survey Findings from a U.S. System Collum, E. 36-83
11 2007 Towards A Knowledge Economy Carrillo, C.I., de la Rosa, J.L. and Canals, A. 84-97
11 2007 Exploring Gender Divisions In A Community Currency System: The Case Of The Barter Network In Argentina Pereyra, F. 98-111
Volume 10
10 2006 Editorial 2006 (volume 10) Williams, C.C. 0
10 2006 Complementary Currency Innovation: Self-guarantee in peer-to-peer currencies Ardon, M. and Lietaer, B. 1-7
10 2006 2005 Yearly Report of the Worldwide Database of Complementary Currency Systems de Meulenaere, S. 8-17
10 2006 A Proposal for a Brazilian Education Complementary Currency Lietaer, B. 18-23
10 2006 Community Exchange and Trading Systems in Germany Schroeder, R.F.H. 24-42
10 2006 Argentina in the Red: What can the UK’s Regional Economies Learn from the Argentinian Banking Crisis? Cato, M.S. 43-55
10 2006 Establishing Time Based Community Currencies: Means of Measure, Exchange and Storage Serra, S. H. 56-67
Volume 9
9 2005 Has the Time for Electronic Currency Come? Imagining an E-Currency Future for Money Sharma, A.
9 2005 Helping Everyone Have PLENTY: Addressing Distribution and Circulation in an HOURS-based Local Currency System Lepofsky, J. and Bates, L.K.
9 2005 Editorial 2005 (volume 9) Williams, C.C. 0
Volume 8
8 2004 Editorial 2004 (volume 8) Williams, C.C. 0
8 2004 The Social and Cultural Capital of Community Currency, An Ithaca HOURS Case Study Survey Jacob, J., Brinkerhoff, M., Jovic, E. and Wheatley, G.
8 2004 HOUR Town – Paul Glover and the Genesis and Evolution of Ithaca HOURS Jacob, J., Brinkerhoff, M., Jovic, E. and Wheatley, G.
8 2004 Kaláka and Kör: Green money and mutual aid in Hungary North, P.
8 2004 Complementary Currencies in Japan Today: History, Originality and Relevance Lietaer, B.
Volume 7
7 2003 Editorial 2003 (volume 7) Williams, C.C. 0
7 2003 A Currency for Change? one activist’s personal view of LETS Taylor, G.
Volume 6
6 2002 Editorial 2002 (volume 6) Williams, C.C. 0
6 2002 Tackling social exclusion with community currencies: learning from LETS to Time Banks Seyfang G.
6 2002 Talente Tauschring Hannover (TTH): Experiences of a German LETS and the relevance of theoretical reflections Schroeder, R.F.
6 2002 Development at the Conjuncture of Feminism and Associationalism Powell, J.


Volume 5
5 2001 Editorial 2001 (volume 5) Williams, C.C. 0
5 2001 Mutual Credit Systems and the Commons Problem: Why Community Currency Systems such as LETS Need Not Collapse Under Opportunistic Behaviour Schraven, J.
5 2001 The Role of the Third Sector in Paving a ‘Third Way’: Some Lessons From Local Exchange and Trading Schemes (LETS) in the United Kingdom Williams, C.C., Aldridge, T., Lee, R., Leyshon, A., Thrift, N. and Tooke, J.
5 2001 On LETS and Time Dollars Cahn, E.
5 2001 Commodity Currencies for Fair and Stable International Exchange Rates Plinge, J.W.
Volume 4
4 2000 Editorial 2000 (volume 4) Willams, C.C.
4 2000 LETS and Benefit Claiming in the UK: Results of a Pilot Project Fitzpatrick, T.
4 2000 Towards an Economy in the Hands of the People: The Tianguis Tlaloc Local Currency System in Mexico Lopezllera-Mendez, L. and de Meulenaere, S.
4 2000 Reinventing the Market: Alternative Currencies and Community Development in Argentina de Meulenaere, S.
4 2000 Community-based LETSystems in Australia: Localised Barter in a Sophisticated Western Economy Liesch, P.W. and Birch, D.
4 2000 Why Do People Join Local Exchange Trading Systems? Caldwell, C.
Volume 3
3 1999 Editorial 1999 (volume 3) Irwin, G. 0
3 1999 Nouvelles formes de sociabilités ou les limites d’une utopie politique Laacher, S.
3 1999 Cercles d’échanges, cercles vertueux de la solidarité Le cas de l’Allemagne Pierret, D.
Volume 2
2 1998 Editorial 1998 (volume 2) Jackson, M. 0
2 1998 Evaluating LETS as a Means of Tackling Social Exclusion and Cohesion Willams, C.C., Aldridge, T., Lee, R., Leyshon, A., Thrift, N. and Tooke, J.
2 1998 Green Domination In Norwegian LETSystems: Catalyst For Growth Or Constraint On Development? Gran, E.
2 1998 Local Exchange and Trading Systems (LETS) in Australia: a new tool for community development? Ingleby, J.
2 1998 Corporate Barter and Economic Stabilisation Stodder, J. 1-11
Volume 1
1 1997 Editorial 1997 (volume 1) Williams, C.C. 0
1 1997 Local Exchange and Trading Systems (LETS) in Australia: a new tool for community development? Williams, C.C. 1-11
1 1997 The problem of over-accumulation: examining and theorising the structural form of LETS Jackson, M. 1-9
1 1997 Examining Local Currency Systems: a social audit approach Seyfang, G. 1-29

2017: IV International Conference on Social and Complementary Currencies: Money, Awareness and Values for Social Change



WHEN? 2017.05.10 to 2017.05.14 (if the EU economy not COMPLETELY collapsed until then and USA/NATO did NOT start WW3 with Russia/China yet)

WHERE? Parc Tecnològic Nou Barris, Marie Curie, 8-14, 08042 Barcelona, Spain.

View Larger Map

Organized by UOC

regular price is 180€!!! but you can apply for scholarship, deadline applications is 30th January 2017, and its resolution will take place on 15 February 2017. The award of 25 scholarships will be carried out according to the motivations and justifications submitted by applicants.

2016: ?

2015: ?

2014: ?

Multiple moneys and development: making payments in diverse economies

2nd International Conference on Complementary Currency Systems (CCS)

19 – 23 June 2013 – Netherlands

About the conference
Structure of the Conference
Registration, fees and important details
1. The academic conference
2. Policy makers and government officials conference

3. Practitioners, doers, grassroots organizations
ISS Organizing Committee

Papers and Presentations (in progress)

About the conference

The 2nd International Conference on Complementary Currency Systems will be held from the 19th to the 23rd of June 2013 in The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference will be hosted by ISS. (International Space Station? :-D)

The conference is bilingual (English and Spanish), with sessions organized in either language. It offers space to academics, local government officials and practitioners alike to organize panels, workshops, and other session formats that participants see fit to stimulate the exchange of ideas and experiences.

Community and complementary currency systems include initiatives like the LETS, time banks, the Argentine Redes de Trueque, the Ithaca Hours in the USA, the German Regiogeld, the Brasilian community banks with surrogate currencies, the SOL currency in France, the ‘Transition Towns’ in the UK, the RES in Belgium and the Wir in Switzerland, mobile-phone payment systems in Uganda and Kenya, and for digital remittances in El Salvador.

Examples of credit tokens

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Structure of the conference

The conference will get together academics, local government officials and other policy makers, practitioners and representatives of grassroots organisations related to Complementary Currency Systems. The conference will have three strands with special events for each one of these publics (more information on each one of them below)

  • Day 1 & Day 2 (June 19 and June 20) specialized events for academics. This strand of the conference is organized by the Civic Innovation Research Initiative at ISS. More information here.
  • Day 3 (June 21) specialized events for local government officials and policy-makers. This strand of the conference is organized by QOIN. More information here.
  • Day 4 & day 5 (June 22 and June 23) are open events for representatives of grassroots organisations, doers, practitioners and activists. More information here.


Attendance List (academics, government officials and practitioners)

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1. The Academic Conference

The 2nd International Conference on Complementary and Community Currency Systems invites you to explore the ways in which CCS and the multiplicity of monetary circuits affect local development, households’ welfare, governance and civil society organizations. It follows from the previous International Conference on Complementary and Community Currencies organised in Lyon in February 2011.

The concept of development has a variety of meanings to different social groups, including economic and environmental sustainability, community resilience after shocks, political autonomy, and culturally embedded economic systems. Moreover, the conference seeks to consolidate the practice of meeting every two years to share and discuss research in the area of CCS, the ontology of money and alternative economic systems with own means of payment. The conference seeks to advance knowledge on three aspects of CCS: 1) Their innovativeness; 2) Their viability, and 3) Their Impact. Papers will be arranged around these three aspects. The academic closing will summarize the collective learning achieved in them, which will later be reflected in the conference publications.

This event is fully booked and registration is closed.

Keynote speakers on the academic event:

 Katherine Gibson Professor Katherine Gibson, Institute of Culture and Society (ICS), University of Western Sydney, Human and Economic Geography, Australia

All over the world people are experimenting with different ways of organizing their economies such that the wellbeing of humans and non-humans alike is placed at the centre of concern. Given the challenges for development in a climate changing world in which inequality is not decreasing, it is incumbent on us to look seriously at these experiments and to work out ways of strengthening their capacity to achieve this goal. Complementary currencies are one such experiment. In this presentation I explore a range of ways that people are ‘taking back’ transactions as vehicles for ethical interconnection.  What kinds of encounters with distant and proximate others are possible as we seek to obtain what we need to live well that we can’t produce ourselves? Is it possible to enact an ethic of care in the process of exchange?  As we become more aware of the other with whom we are connected via transaction, our economic subjectivity shifts and it is possible to begin to think of inhabiting a community economy. I draw on the technologies of self-inventory and ethical exploration elaborated in my new co-authored book Take Back the Economy: An Ethical Guide For Transforming Our Communities (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013) to suggest how together, we might move towards a different vision of development in which wellbeing is a direct, rather than trickled down, outcome.

Akinobu Kuroda Akinobu Kuroda is professor of Financial History at the Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia at the University of Tokyo

‘Locality of Money Ubiquitous through Human History’

The global history of money is full of local colour. Some communities, such as early modern England and Japan depended on communal credit to make transactions. And certain merchants, like those in traditional China, shared an accounting unit which was different from the one used outside their town or business. Some municipal governments or institutions, such as the chambers of commerce in USA in the midst of Great Depression, issued currencies acceptable within their spheres. Less grand-scale, but just as important schemes were set up by smaller communities. Currencies supplied by unofficial agents like a grocery or a liquor shop were often in circulation among locals, although they did not have any legal guarantees nor were they intrinsically valued. Local currencies appeared in varied forms, from cowry shells to paper notes. Some of them appeared as solutions to specific emergencies.However, the frequent emergence of currencies at the local level suggests that locality may be one of the necessary characteristics and basic preconditions for currencies to become generally acceptable, instead of just a temporary solution. The ubiquity of local currencies throughout history suggests that both state oriented perspectives on the acceptability of currencies (macro point of view) and individually based perspectives (micro) are inadequate to explain the emergence of money.

Professor Keith Hart is Centennial Professor of Economic Anthropology at the London School of Economics and Co-Director of the Human Economy Programme, University of Pretoria.

The euro crisis is a consequence of the neoliberal idea that politics can be banished from monetary policy, a dream shared by the techno-utopians who designed BitCoin. But it also represents the collapse of national capitalism as the dominant economic system of our times. This impasse ought to represent an opportunity for community currencies – and I once thought so – but many of them unconsciously retain the assumptions of national capitalism. Here I propose a strategy for a “human economy”. This must be informed by an economic vision capable of bridging the gap between everyday life (what people know) and humanity’s common predicament, which is inevitably impersonal and lies beyond the actor’s point of view (what they don’t know). Emergent world society is the new human universal – not an idea, but the fact of our shared occupation of the planet crying out for new principles of association. Small may be beautiful and a preference for initiatives grounded in local social realities is unchallengeable, but large-scale bureaucracies, whether governments or business corporations, are also essential if our aspirations for economic democracy are to embrace the movement of the world we live in. Money and markets should take forms that are more conducive to this end. It helps to recognize that they span the extremes of human experience. Money reflects our human potential to make universal society.

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Academic Panels: Papers and Presentations



Brainstorming session:

Article by A. Kuroda

Notes on future research areas


List of Papers, per panel:

Academic Panels A


Jérôme Blanc, Ludovic Desmedt, Laurent Le Maux, Jaime Marques-Pereira, Pepita Ould Ahmed, Bruno Théret “Monetary Plurality in Economic Theory”  Document  Presentation
    Bernard Lietaer “Learning from Nature: How Complementary Currencies stabilize the monetary system”  Document  Presentation

Peter Brass

“Complementary currencies and the global economy”  Document  Presentation
Szalay Zsuzsanna “From Braudel’s Triptych to the Closed Loop Economy”  Document  Presentation
Panel A2. COOPERATION       
Masahiro Mikami and Makoto Nishibe “Gaming Simulation using Electronic Community Currency: Behavioral Analysis of Self-versus-Community Consciousness”  Document  Presentation
Takayoshi Kusago and Makoto Nishibe “Community dock: a new policy approach for altering institutions”  Document  Presentation
Jens Martignoni “Aspects for the cooperation of currencies”  Document  Presentation
Panel A3. Exploring COMPLEMENTARITY   

Bruno Théret

“Monetary experiments of complementarity among state moneys in contemporary federal polities: some general principles and the case of the bocade of the Province of Tucuman in Argentina between 1984 and 2003”  Document  Presentation
Jérôme Blanc “Unpacking complementarity: a conceptual criticism of so-called complementary currencies”  Document  Presentation
Thomas Greco “Reinventing Money: How Complementary Currencies and Mutual Credit Clearing Can Create a Sustainable, Regenerative Economy”  Document  Presentation
Stephanie Rearick and Marc Brakken “Trophic economy part II”  Document  Presentation
Tim Jenkin “What Comes After Capitalism? – That is the Wrong Question”  Document  Presentation

Academic Panels B


Gill Seyfang and Noel Longhurst “What Influences Community Currency Growth and Spread? Understanding Grassroots Innovations for Sustainability”  Document  Presentation
Ken-Ichi Kurita, Masayuki Yoshida, Yoshihisa, Miyazaki  “Voluntary workers’ differing perceptions of community money”  Document  Presentation
Robin Krabbe “Reputation currencies – can they develop and spread sustainability macro-norms?”  Document  Presentation
Shigeto Kobayashi, Takashi Hashimoto, Ken-Ichi Kurita And Makoto Nishibe “Correlation between Currency Consciousness among Participants of Community Currency and Its Circulation”  Document  Presentation
Joey Renert “Increase Community Currency Circulation: Back It with Appropriate Core Resources”  Document  Presentation
Josep Peplluis de la Rosa I Esteva “On velocity in several complementary currencies”  Document  Presentation
Hugo Godschalk “CCS as subject to financial regulation in the EU”  Document  Presentation
  Georgina Gomez “Neither public nor private: CCS as club markets”  Document  Presentation
 Rolf F. H. Schroeder “The Financing of Complementary Currencies: Risks and Chances on the Path toward Sustainable Regional Economies”  Document  Presentation
Arjo Klamer, Lotte Boonstra, Aldo Do Carmo jr. and Eleftheria Karioti “Complementary Currency Systems: Social and Economic Effects of Complementary Currencies”  Document  Presentation
Marie Fare, Carlos de Freitas and Camille Meyer “Social Currencies in Brazilian Community Development Banks : What Role in Territorial Development ? The case of Banco Palmas”  Document  Presentation
Leander Bindewald, Christophe Place “Validating and improving the impact of complementary currency systems: proposition of an impact assessment process and scoreboard for social, environmental, economic and political development goals”  Document  Presentation
Thomas Kiesgen, Jan Stuckatz, Iona Summerson, Lukas Fesenfeld, Daniela Russ “It’s the founder, stupid! The influence of ideological alignment of regional currency initiators on the currencies’ development”  Document  Presentation
Andras Novoszath “Worth the money: the creation, measurement and management of economic value”  Document  Presentation

Academic Panels C


Mike Unrau “A Practitioners Guide to Cultivating and Developing Government and Institutional Support for a Complementary Currency”  Document  Presentation
Juliana Braz “Community Development and Social Currency: main effects and results of Banco Palmas”  Document  Presentation
Ruth Naughton-Doe “Time to get realistic: unmasking the myths to reveal the reality of time banking practice in England”  Document  Presentation

Baeg Eui Hong and Joonmo Kang

“The Perception of Community Currencies in Korea – Using Q methodology”  Document  Presentation
William O. Ruddick and Jem Bendell “Complementary Currencies for Sustainable Development in Kenya”  Document  Presentation
Marie Fare “Sustainable territorial development and monetary subsidiarity”  Document  Presentation
Yoshihisa, Miyazaki and Ken-ichi, Kurita “Possibilities and Issues of Community Currency towards the Endogenous Development in Hilly and Mountainous Areas: A Case Study of Forest Volunteer Activities in Japan”  Document  Presentation

Ricardo Orzi

“Las monedas complementarias en el norte y en el sur. Aportes diferenciales en la construcción de ‘otra economía’”  Document  Presentation

Enric Montesa and Yasuyuki Hirota

“Marketing strategies for a complementary currency system (CCS) – A mobile payment system project in Russafa and Gran Vía, Valencia (Spain)”  Document  Presentation
Irene Sotiropoulou “Prices in parallel currency: the case of the exchange network of Chania”  Document  Presentation

Miguel Puertas and Marcelo Gryckiewicz

“A la sombra del Arbolito”  Document  Presentation
Erick Brenes “Update on Complementary Currency Projects in Central America”  Document  Presentation
Lee Gregory “Co-option, Resilience or Resistance? Lessons for Community Currency Systems from the UK development of Time Banking”  Document  Presentation
Gábor Sárdi, József Varga and Anett Parádi-Dolgos “Comparative analysis of the Hungarian complementary currency systems”  Document  Presentation


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2. Policy makers and government officials conference

Today’s governments are confronted with enormous challenges: a pressing need to cut in public budget expenditures. Complementary currencies seem to be a potential instrument for governments that can be employed to realize specific social goals while saving on the expenses of (ordinary) money and public expenditures. Globally, a vast amount of diverse complementary currencies is in place. These programs try to solve very specific social issues within society.

Complementary currencies depart from the notion that money is essentially a human invention and instrument to influence the relations between citizens and organizations. A solid theoretical framework legitimizes this idea and in the past hundred years a lot of experimentation and experience was picked up with realizing social goals by the implementation of complementary currencies.

However, intelligence on complementary currencies is dispersed: there’s an abundance of authors, academics and experts that have published books, websites, articles and leaflets and organized seminars, congresses and workshops. Information is often insufficiently documented and on some relevant subjects sources seem to be contradictory. This body of knowledge aims for bringing understanding and clarity; it provides an overview of the most important complementary currencies that exist today. Its goal is to provide and disclose information in an impartial manner, making it easier to apply and integrate knowledge on complementary currencies to real issues.

This event is fully booked and registration is closed.

This strand of the conference is organized by as part of the EU Interreg funded Community Currency in Action project.

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3. Practitioners, doers, grassroots organizations

Following the experiences and feedback of the first International Conference on Complementary Currency Systems in Lyon, February 2011, these two day following the academic and policy-makers orientated days oft he 2nd International Conference of Complementary Currency Systems are dedicated to practitioners, doers, organizers, advocates, networkers and activists in the field of complementary and community currencies.

Objectives and Programme

These two days will provide participants with an opportunity to meet, interact, exchange, collaborate, teach, train, learn, develop, work, plan, strategize and explore the present and future of the community currency “movement“ together.

In the spirit of true participation, this event will be organized in an “Open Space“ format, allowing the participants themselves to determine the topics and objectives of the individual sessions.

Prior to the event, registered participants will be invited to suggest topics and sessions in an on-line process.

The event will take place at the same venue as the the other meetings on preceding days, or within walking distance from there. Participation in these two days is free of charge, but registration is obligatory.

The working language of these two days will be English, but break-out session in other languages are welcome and impromptu translation for plenary sessions will be organized.

This event is fully booked and registration is closed.

The practitioners event is co-organized with the EU funded Community Currency in Action project represented by the New Economics Foundation in London,,  the Banco Palmas Institute Europe and FMDV.


Policy Makers Qoin Logo


Practitioners 3





Practitioners 1

Practitioners 2


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ISS Organizing committee

Georgina GomezGeorgina M. Gómez Bert HelmsingAHJ (Bert) Helmsing
Rosalba Icaza GarzaRosalba Icaza Garza Kees BiekartKees Biekart

Conference email:

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Registration, fees and important details

All participants are requested to register on-line for each one of the three strands of events. The relevant registration form can be found in the section for 1) academics, 2) local government officials and policy makers, or 3) practitioners and grassroots organisations.



Kortenaerkade 12
2518 AX The Hague
The Netherlands
+31 70 426 0460

Directions from the airport:

Participants arriving in The Netherlands will land at Schiphol Airport, near Amsterdam. The distance from the airport to The Hague is about 40 kilometres and the train provides the fastest and cheapest way to reach The Hague. The use of a taxi between Schiphol and The Hague is very expensive. Although ISS is part of Erasmus University of Rotterdam, the ISS is located in THE HAGUE. Please make sure that you take the train to DEN HAAG (Dutch for THE HAGUE) and not to Rotterdam. You can check the timetable at

You should buy a one way train ticket to DEN HAAG and a one way ticket costs about 8 Euro. The train takes approximately 45 minutes to reach The Hague. The train usually leaves from platform 5, but please check this when you buy the ticket. The Hague has 2 train stations, ‘Den Haag Centraal Station'(CS) and ‘Den Haag Hollands Spoor’ (HS). Both are equally convenient.

Public transport in The Hague:

  • From Centraal Station (CS): Tram 17 or Bus 22 and 24 Stop: Mauritskade
  • From Hollands Spoor (HS): Tram 1 Stop: Mauritskade

At both stations you will also taxis. Ask the driver to take you to Kortenaerkade 12. The taxi ride will cost approximately 12 Euro.

Click here for directions with Google Maps


The registration fee does not include accomodation. Please find here information about hotels we have agreed a special rate for the conference.

For the CCS2013 participants, the Parkhotel Den Haag has made us a special group offer of Euro 100 for single rooms, Euro 120 for a double room with single occupancy, and 135 Euro for a double room with double occupancy. All prices include breakfast with organic products.

When making your reservation in the Park Hotel Den Haag or any of the other hotels mentioned, make sure to mention that you are a participant of the CCS Conference at the ISS.