“Peace dividend is a political slogan popularized by US President George H.W. Bush and UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in the early 1990s, purporting to describe the economic benefit of a decrease in defense spending.

It is used primarily in discussions relating to the guns versus butter theory.

The term was frequently used at the end of the Cold War, when many Western nations significantly cut military spending (such as Britain’s Options for Change defence review).

“While economies do undergo a recession after the end of a major conflict as the economy is forced to adjust and retool”


“Wenn man weiss wer der Böse ist, hat der Tag Struktur” (Volker Pispers)

“Der Feind hatte sich einfach aufgelöst, ohne Rücksprache – da hat man den Hussein zum Hitler aufgeblasen” (auch mit Waffen aus Deutschland, was im Iran-Irak Krieg zu einer massiven Flüchtlingskrise geführt hat (GasAngriffe mit Deutschen Fuchs-Panzern auf zivile Ziele/Dörfer))


The Halabja chemical attack (Kurdish: Kîmyabarana Helebce کیمیابارانی ھەڵەبجە), also known as the Halabja Massacre or Bloody Friday,[1] was a massacre against the Kurdish people that took place on March 16, 1988, during the closing days of the Iran–Iraq War in the Kurdish city of Halabja in Iraq. The attack was part of the Al-Anfal Campaign in northern Iraq, as well as part of the Iraqi attempt to repel the Iranian Operation Zafar 7. It took place 48 hours after the fall of the town to the Iranian army. A United Nations (UN) medical investigation concluded that mustard gas was used in the attack, along with unidentified nerve agents.[2]

The attack killed between 3,200 and 5,000 people and injured 7,000 to 10,000 more, most of them civilians.[1][3]


“Iran and Iraq remember war that cost more than a million lives”.

“Over time he (Saddam) enjoyed the discreet support of the west, with the US providing satellite intelligence on Iranian deployments and European countries supplying armaments and raw materials for gas and chemical weapons.

Iran’s continuing suspicions of America and Europe cannot be understood without remembering that grim period.

Washington wanted both countries to bleed, but it feared Iran more.”

(src: the Guardian)

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