“in fact electricity demand fell in 18 out of 30 IEA member countries over the period 2010-2017. Several factors can account for this slowing of growth, but the key reason is energy efficiency.”
world electricity demand 2000-2017 1763TWh
“There have been a range of new sources of electricity demand growth in advanced economies, including digitalization and the electrification of heat and mobility.
However savings from energy efficiency have outpaced this growth.
Energy efficiency measures adopted since 2000 saved almost 1 800 TWh in 2017, or around 20% of overall current electricity use.” (src: iea.org)
- efficiency (LED light bulbs)
- slowing economic growth
i would add:
- demographic (less people)